Understanding Consent and Capacity

In Ontario, healthcare teams have to have informed consent or refusal before they can give any treatment or care to their patients.

They do this by explaining what the risks or side effects would be, what the benefits of treatment are, as well as what other treatments could be used and what would happen if the treatment is refused. Every patient has a right to refuse or agree to any treatment or medical procedure. That means consent can’t be given in advance and has to be given by a person, not by a form